13 Templates [temp]

13.7 Template declarations [temp.decls]

13.7.2 Class templates [temp.class] Deduction guides [temp.deduct.guide]

Deduction guides are used when a template-name appears as a type specifier for a deduced class type ([dcl.type.class.deduct]).
Deduction guides are not found by name lookup.
Instead, when performing class template argument deduction ([over.match.class.deduct]), any deduction guides declared for the class template are considered.
[Example 1: template<class T, class D = int> struct S { T data; }; template<class U> S(U) -> S<typename U::type>; struct A { using type = short; operator type(); }; S x{A()}; // x is of type S<short, int> — end example]
The same restrictions apply to the parameter-declaration-clause of a deduction guide as in a function declaration ([dcl.fct]).
The simple-template-id shall name a class template specialization.
The template-name shall be the same identifier as the template-name of the simple-template-id.
A deduction-guide shall be declared in the same scope as the corresponding class template and, for a member class template, with the same access.
Two deduction guide declarations in the same translation unit for the same class template shall not have equivalent parameter-declaration-clauses.