2556. Wide contract for future::share()

Section: 33.10.7 [futures.unique.future] Status: C++17 Submitter: Agustín K-ballo Bergé Opened: 2015-11-05 Last modified: 2021-06-06 18:38:24 UTC

Priority: 3

View all other issues in [futures.unique.future].

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future::share() is not noexcept, it has a narrow contact requiring valid() as per the blanket wording in [futures.unique_future] p3. Its effects, however, are return shared_future<R>(std::move(*this)), which is noexcept as it has a wide contract. If the source future isn't valid then the target shared_future simply won't be valid either. There appears to be no technical reason preventing future::share() from having a wide contract, and thus being noexcept.

[2016-08-03 Chicago]

Fri AM: Moved to Tentatively Ready

Proposed resolution:

This wording is relative to N4567.

  1. Change [futures.unique_future] as indicated:

    -3- The effect of calling any member function other than the destructor, the move-assignment operator, share, or valid on a future object for which valid() == false is undefined. [Note: Implementations are encouraged to detect this case and throw an object of type future_error with an error condition of future_errc::no_state. — end note]

    namespace std {
      template <class R>
      class future {
        shared_future<R> share() noexcept;


    shared_future<R> share() noexcept;

    -12- Returns: shared_future<R>(std::move(*this)).

    -13- Postcondition: valid() == false.