13 Templates [temp]

13.7 Template declarations [temp.decls]

13.7.8 Alias templates [temp.alias]

An alias template is a name for a family of types.
The name of the alias template is a template-name.
When a template-id refers to the specialization of an alias template, it is equivalent to the associated type obtained by substitution of its template-arguments for the template-parameters in the defining-type-id of the alias template.
[Note 1: 
An alias template name is never deduced.
— end note]
[Example 1: template<class T> struct Alloc { /* ... */ }; template<class T> using Vec = vector<T, Alloc<T>>; Vec<int> v; // same as vector<int, Alloc<int>> v; template<class T> void process(Vec<T>& v) { /* ... */ } template<class T> void process(vector<T, Alloc<T>>& w) { /* ... */ } // error: redefinition template<template<class> class TT> void f(TT<int>); f(v); // error: Vec not deduced template<template<class,class> class TT> void g(TT<int, Alloc<int>>); g(v); // OK, TT = vector — end example]
However, if the template-id is dependent, subsequent template argument substitution still applies to the template-id.
[Example 2: template<typename...> using void_t = void; template<typename T> void_t<typename T::foo> f(); f<int>(); // error: int does not have a nested type foo — end example]
The defining-type-id in an alias template declaration shall not refer to the alias template being declared.
The type produced by an alias template specialization shall not directly or indirectly make use of that specialization.
[Example 3: template <class T> struct A; template <class T> using B = typename A<T>::U; template <class T> struct A { typedef B<T> U; }; B<short> b; // error: instantiation of B<short> uses own type via A<short>​::​U — end example]
The type of a lambda-expression appearing in an alias template declaration is different between instantiations of that template, even when the lambda-expression is not dependent.
[Example 4: template <class T> using A = decltype([] { }); // A<int> and A<char> refer to different closure types — end example]