Throughout this subclause, char, wchar_t, char16_t, and char32_t are collectively called encoded character types.
Functions with template parameters named EcharT shall not participate in overload resolution unless EcharT is one of the encoded character types.
Template parameters named InputIterator shall meet the input iterator requirements and shall have a value type that is one of the encoded character types.
[ Note: Use of an encoded character type implies an associated character set and encoding. Since signed char and unsigned char have no implied character set and encoding, they are not included as permitted types. — end note ]