7 Declarations [dcl.dcl]

7.6 Attributes [dcl.attr]

7.6.5 Fallthrough attribute [dcl.attr.fallthrough]

The attribute-token fallthrough may be applied to a null statement ([stmt.expr]); such a statement is a fallthrough statement. The attribute-token fallthrough shall appear at most once in each attribute-list and no attribute-argument-clause shall be present. A fallthrough statement may only appear within an enclosing switch statement ([stmt.switch]). The next statement that would be executed after a fallthrough statement shall be a labeled statement whose label is a case label or default label for the same switch statement. The program is ill-formed if there is no such statement.

Note: The use of a fallthrough statement is intended to suppress a warning that an implementation might otherwise issue for a case or default label that is reachable from another case or default label along some path of execution. Implementations are encouraged to issue a warning if a fallthrough statement is not dynamically reachable.  — end note ]


void f(int n) {
  void g(), h(), i();
  switch (n) {
  case 1:
  case 2:
  case 3: // warning on fallthrough discouraged
  case 4: // implementation may warn on fallthrough
    [[fallthrough]]; // ill-formed

 — end example ]