20 General utilities library [utilities]

20.12 Time utilities [time]

20.12.4 Time-related traits [time.traits] treat_as_floating_point [time.traits.is_fp]

template <class Rep> struct treat_as_floating_point : is_floating_point<Rep> { };

The duration template uses the treat_as_floating_point trait to help determine if a duration object can be converted to another duration with a different tick period. If treat_as_floating_point<Rep>::value is true, then implicit conversions are allowed among durations. Otherwise, the implicit convertibility depends on the tick periods of the durations. [ Note: The intention of this trait is to indicate whether a given class behaves like a floating-point type, and thus allows division of one value by another with acceptable loss of precision. If treat_as_floating_point<Rep>::value is false, Rep will be treated as if it behaved like an integral type for the purpose of these conversions.  — end note ] duration_values [time.traits.duration_values]

template <class Rep> struct duration_values { public: static constexpr Rep zero(); static constexpr Rep min(); static constexpr Rep max(); };

The duration template uses the duration_values trait to construct special values of the durations representation (Rep). This is done because the representation might be a class type with behavior which requires some other implementation to return these special values. In that case, the author of that class type should specialize duration_values to return the indicated values.

static constexpr Rep zero();

Returns: Rep(0). [ Note: Rep(0) is specified instead of Rep() because Rep() may have some other meaning, such as an uninitialized value.  — end note ]

Remark: The value returned shall be the additive identity.

static constexpr Rep min();

Returns: numeric_limits<Rep>::lowest().

Remark: The value returned shall compare less than or equal to zero().

static constexpr Rep max();

Returns: numeric_limits<Rep>::max().

Remark: The value returned shall compare greater than zero(). Specializations of common_type [time.traits.specializations]

template <class Rep1, class Period1, class Rep2, class Period2> struct common_type<chrono::duration<Rep1, Period1>, chrono::duration<Rep2, Period2>> { typedef chrono::duration<common_type_t<Rep1, Rep2>, see below> type; };

The period of the duration indicated by this specialization of common_type shall be the greatest common divisor of Period1 and Period2. [ Note: This can be computed by forming a ratio of the greatest common divisor of Period1::num and Period2::num and the least common multiple of Period1::den and Period2::den.  — end note ]

Note: The typedef name type is a synonym for the duration with the largest tick period possible where both duration arguments will convert to it without requiring a division operation. The representation of this type is intended to be able to hold any value resulting from this conversion with no truncation error, although floating-point durations may have round-off errors.  — end note ]

template <class Clock, class Duration1, class Duration2> struct common_type<chrono::time_point<Clock, Duration1>, chrono::time_point<Clock, Duration2>> { typedef chrono::time_point<Clock, common_type_t<Duration1, Duration2>> type; };

The common type of two time_point types is a time_point with the same clock as the two types and the common type of their two durations.