19 Diagnostics library [diagnostics]

19.5 System error support [syserr]

19.5.2 Class error_code [syserr.errcode] Class error_code overview [syserr.errcode.overview]

The class error_code describes an object used to hold error code values, such as those originating from the operating system or other low-level application program interfaces. [ Note: Class error_code is an adjunct to error reporting by exception.  — end note ]

namespace std {
  class error_code {
    // [syserr.errcode.constructors] constructors:
    error_code() noexcept;
    error_code(int val, const error_category& cat) noexcept;
    template <class ErrorCodeEnum>
      error_code(ErrorCodeEnum e) noexcept;

    // [syserr.errcode.modifiers] modifiers:
    void assign(int val, const error_category& cat) noexcept;
    template <class ErrorCodeEnum>
        error_code& operator=(ErrorCodeEnum e) noexcept;
    void clear() noexcept;

    // [syserr.errcode.observers] observers:
    int value() const noexcept;
    const error_category& category() const noexcept;
    error_condition default_error_condition() const noexcept;
    string message() const;
    explicit operator bool() const noexcept;

    int val_;                   // exposition only
    const error_category* cat_; // exposition only

  // [syserr.errcode.nonmembers] non-member functions:
  error_code make_error_code(errc e) noexcept;
  bool operator<(const error_code& lhs, const error_code& rhs) noexcept;

  template <class charT, class traits>
      operator<<(basic_ostream<charT,traits>& os, const error_code& ec);
}   // namespace std