7 Declarations [dcl.dcl]

7.6 Attributes [dcl.attr]

7.6.3 Noreturn attribute [dcl.attr.noreturn]

The attribute-token noreturn specifies that a function does not return. It shall appear at most once in each attribute-list and no attribute-argument-clause shall be present. The attribute may be applied to the declarator-id in a function declaration. The first declaration of a function shall specify the noreturn attribute if any declaration of that function specifies the noreturn attribute. If a function is declared with the noreturn attribute in one translation unit and the same function is declared without the noreturn attribute in another translation unit, the program is ill-formed; no diagnostic required.

If a function f is called where f was previously declared with the noreturn attribute and f eventually returns, the behavior is undefined. [ Note: The function may terminate by throwing an exception.  — end note ] [ Note: Implementations are encouraged to issue a warning if a function marked [[noreturn]] might return.  — end note ]


[[ noreturn ]] void f() {
  throw "error";        // OK

[[ noreturn ]] void q(int i) { // behavior is undefined if called with an argument <= 0
  if (i > 0)
    throw "positive";

 — end example ]