Effects: constructs a packaged_task object with no shared state and no stored task.
Requires: INVOKE(f, t1, t2, ..., tN, R), where t1, t2, ..., tN are values of the corresponding types in ArgTypes..., shall be a valid expression. Invoking a copy of f shall behave the same as invoking f.
Effects: constructs a new packaged_task object with a shared state and initializes the object's stored task with std::forward<F>(f). The constructors that take an Allocator argument use it to allocate memory needed to store the internal data structures.
Throws: any exceptions thrown by the copy or move constructor of f, or std::bad_alloc if memory for the internal data structures could not be allocated.
Effects: constructs a new packaged_task object and transfers ownership of rhs's shared state to *this, leaving rhs with no shared state. Moves the stored task from rhs to *this.
Postcondition: rhs has no shared state.
Effects: exchanges the shared states and stored tasks of *this and other.
Postcondition: *this has the same shared state and stored task (if any) as other prior to the call to swap. other has the same shared state and stored task (if any) as *this prior to the call to swap.
Returns: true only if *this has a shared state.
Returns: A future object that shares the same shared state as *this.
Throws: a future_error object if an error occurs.
Effects: INVOKE(f, t1, t2, ..., tN, R), where f is the stored task of *this and t1, t2, ..., tN are the values in args.... If the task returns normally, the return value is stored as the asynchronous result in the shared state of *this, otherwise the exception thrown by the task is stored. The shared state of *this is made ready, and any threads blocked in a function waiting for the shared state of *this to become ready are unblocked.
Throws: a future_error exception object if there is no shared state or the stored task has already been invoked.
Synchronization: a successful call to operator() synchronizes with ([intro.multithread]) a call to any member function of a future or shared_future object that shares the shared state of *this. The completion of the invocation of the stored task and the storage of the result (whether normal or exceptional) into the shared state synchronizes with ([intro.multithread]) the successful return from any member function that detects that the state is set to ready. [ Note: operator() synchronizes and serializes with other functions through the shared state. — end note ]
Effects: INVOKE(f, t1, t2, ..., tN, R), where f is the stored task and t1, t2, ..., tN are the values in args.... If the task returns normally, the return value is stored as the asynchronous result in the shared state of *this, otherwise the exception thrown by the task is stored. In either case, this shall be done without making that state ready ([futures.state]) immediately. Schedules the shared state to be made ready when the current thread exits, after all objects of thread storage duration associated with the current thread have been destroyed.
Throws: future_error if an error condition occurs.
Effects: as if *this = packaged_task(std::move(f)), where f is the task stored in *this. [ Note: This constructs a new shared state for *this. The old state is abandoned ([futures.state]). — end note ]