A name declared in a block ([stmt.block]) is local to that block; it has block scope. Its potential scope begins at its point of declaration ([basic.scope.pdecl]) and ends at the end of its block. A variable declared at block scope is a local variable.
The potential scope of a function parameter name (including one appearing in a lambda-declarator) or of a function-local predefined variable in a function definition ([dcl.fct.def]) begins at its point of declaration. If the function has a function-try-block the potential scope of a parameter or of a function-local predefined variable ends at the end of the last associated handler, otherwise it ends at the end of the outermost block of the function definition. A parameter name shall not be redeclared in the outermost block of the function definition nor in the outermost block of any handler associated with a function-try-block.
Names declared in the for-init-statement, the for-range-declaration, and in the condition of if, while, for, and switch statements are local to the if, while, for, or switch statement (including the controlled statement), and shall not be redeclared in a subsequent condition of that statement nor in the outermost block (or, for the if statement, any of the outermost blocks) of the controlled statement; see [stmt.select].