22 General utilities library [utilities]

22.9 Bitsets [bitset]

22.9.2 Class template bitset [template.bitset]

22.9.2.2 Constructors [bitset.cons]

constexpr bitset() noexcept;
Effects: Initializes all bits in *this to zero.
constexpr bitset(unsigned long long val) noexcept;
Effects: Initializes the first M bit positions to the corresponding bit values in val.
M is the smaller of N and the number of bits in the value representation ([basic.types.general]) of unsigned long long.
If M < N, the remaining bit positions are initialized to zero.
template<class charT, class traits, class Allocator> explicit bitset( const basic_string<charT, traits, Allocator>& str, typename basic_string<charT, traits, Allocator>::size_type pos = 0, typename basic_string<charT, traits, Allocator>::size_type n = basic_string<charT, traits, Allocator>::npos, charT zero = charT('0'), charT one = charT('1'));
Effects: Determines the effective length rlen of the initializing string as the smaller of n and str.size() - pos.
Initializes the first M bit positions to values determined from the corresponding characters in the string str.
M is the smaller of N and rlen.
An element of the constructed object has value zero if the corresponding character in str, beginning at position pos, is zero.
Otherwise, the element has the value one.
Character position pos + M - 1 corresponds to bit position zero.
Subsequent decreasing character positions correspond to increasing bit positions.
If M < N, remaining bit positions are initialized to zero.
The function uses traits​::​eq to compare the character values.
Throws: out_­of_­range if pos > str.size() or invalid_­argument if any of the rlen characters in str beginning at position pos is other than zero or one.
template<class charT> explicit bitset( const charT* str, typename basic_string<charT>::size_type n = basic_string<charT>::npos, charT zero = charT('0'), charT one = charT('1'));
Effects: As if by: bitset(n == basic_string<charT>::npos ? basic_string<charT>(str) : basic_string<charT>(str, n), 0, n, zero, one)